India

Prior to and during the life of the Buddha various principles were embodied within the warrior caste known as the
Ksatreya (Japanese: Setsuri). This title - stemming from Sanskrit root Ksetr meaning "power," described an elite force of
usually royal or noble-born warriors who were trained from infancy in a wide variety of military and martial arts, both
armed and unarmed. In China, the Ksatreya were considered to have descended from the deity Ping Wang (Japanese:
Byo O), the "Lord of those who keep things calm." Ksatreyas were like the Peace force - to keep kings and people in
order. Military commanders were called Senani - a name reminiscent of the Japanese term Sensei which describes a
similar status. The Japanese samurai also had similar traits to the Ksatreya. Their battle practices and techniques are
often so close to that of the Ksatreya that we must assume the former came from India perhaps via China. The traditions
of sacred Swords, of honorable self-sacrifice, and service to one's Lord are all found first in India. In ancient Hinduism,
nata was acknowledged as a spiritual study and conferred as a ruling deity, Nataraja, representing the awakening of
wisdom through physical and mental concentration. However, after the Muslim invasion of India and its brutal
destruction of Buddhist and Hindu culture and religion, the Ksatreya art of nata was dispersed and many of its teachers
slain. This indigenous martial arts, under the name of Kalari or Kalaripayit exists only in South India today. Originating at
least 1,300 years ago, India's Kalaripayit is the oldest martial art taught today. It is also the most potentially violent,
because students advance from unarmed combat to the use of swords, sharpened flexible metal lashes, and peculiar
three-bladed daggers.

When Buddhism came to influence India (circa 500 B.c), the Deity Nataraja was converted to become one of the four
protectors of Buddhism, and was renamed Nar (y)ayana Deva (Chinese: Na Lo Yen Tien). He is said to be a protector of
the Eastern Hemisphere of the mandala."

It is said that the third child of King Sugandha of southern India was a member of the Kshatriya.  However, after a few
years his spirit led him to a small but dynamic Buddhist province south of Madres.  He received his religious training from
a master  named Prajnatara.  Under the master’s guidance, the boy grew into a very wise man and advanced in the way
of the Dhyana or Buddhist practice, and was given the name Bodhidharma.  Many believed him to be a Bodhisattva, or
enlightened being.


China

Many different stories have given Bodhidharma, or Da Mo in Chinese, the credit for having established the Shaolin
Temple, but rather it was a monk named Batuo, by the order of Wei Xiao Wen emperor, who established and became the
first chief monk of the temple.  After his master’s death, Bodhidharma, traveled in China, upon the invitation of the Liang
Wu emperor, around 527 A.D. (The emperor found his brand of Buddhism wanting and Bodhidharma left for the Shaolin
Temple.)   His life was centered on the Shaolin Temple and monastery located in Hunan Province.  Tradition states that
upon seeing the emaciated condition of the monks, Bodhidharma instructed them in physical exercise, to condition their
bodies as well as their minds.  According to the chinese he went in isolation for nine years and when he came back he
had compiled two classics; Yi Ji Jing (Muscle/Tendon Changing) and Xi Sui Jing (Marrow/Brain Washing).
Through the practice of these exercises was developed the "Eighteen hands of Lo-Han". This exercise also included
breathing; he knew that this physical activity was a means of body hygiene.  In Shaolin White Crane style for example,
where they speak of three basic forms of breathing, two in particular pertain to Goju.  The first is called “Normal
Abdominal Breathing”, or “Buddhist Breathing”., and the second is “Reverse Abdominal Breathing” , or “Daoist
Breathing”.  In Goju, you will see that different techniques require different ways of breathing in order to train the body.   
Eventually the monks began to study the animals and form exercises that resembled their ways of fighting, and later it
was known as Chuan-Fa, "The Art of the Fist".   It is important to note that the motives of the practice was art, physical
conditioning, and finally, self-defense. Da Mo died around 536 A.D.

During the Sui Period (589-618), bandits began to raid the monastery for the purpose of food and anything of value.  At
this time the monks, in order to protect their lives and their beloved monastery, utilized their Chuan-Fa art and defeated
the bandits.  The reputation of the Shaolin Fighting monks spread, and many came to study the art along with Buddhism.  
Chuan Fa is known today by its more modern name Kung Fu, which means hard work, a reminder to students of its true
value.   Today there are hundreds of styles, and of course the philosophy has changed somewhat, depending on the
personality of the headmaster of each style. The art was brought to Okinawa around 1609,  where it underwent many
changes and became later known as Toudi, or Chinese hand.
Okinawa

Around the 14th century kempo which meant Chinese Hand Fist System (Chaun-Fa) was introduced to Okinawa. It
became popular quickly and is trained as an art of self-defense, under the name of Toudi ( Chinese hand).  In Okinawa the
native fighting art Te was practiced long before the introduction of kempo.  It is believed that te was combined with
kempo by the Okinawans and developed to the martial art we know as karate.  There are many different theories on how
the Chinese arts were introduced to Okinawa.  Here are two:
Merchants would send their sons to China to train and learn the martial skills. Primarily in the southern China provinces,
like Fuzchou.
There was an emigration of Chinese to Okinawa, and that these families spread their martial arts to local Okinawans.
These are only two of many theories believed by some martial historians, you should investigate for yourselves and get
to know some of the history behind your art.

When Japan invades Okinawa 1609, the ban of carrying weapons (first pronounced by king Sho Shin in 1477) continues,
but the Japanese also bans the practice of martial arts. Consequently, the Okinawans  continued practicing martial arts in
secrecy.
During the next three centuries the martial art develops into its own character and is called Okinawan Te.  It is split into
three main styles:

Shuri-te influenced by the hard techniques of kempo and characterized by an offensive attitude.
Naha-te influenced by the softer techniques of kempo including breath control and 'ki'. It was characterized by a more
defensive attitude with grappling, throws and locking techniques.
Tomari-te influenced by both the hard and soft techniques of kempo.

By the end of the 19th century Shuri-te and Tomari-te were subsumed under the name Shorin ryu, which during the years
has developed into several slightly different styles. Naha-te becomes known under the name Goju ryu (the hard and soft
style) and has remained basically unified.


Okinawa

Naha-Te
O’SENSEI HIGAONNA KANRYO

Kanryo Higaonna,was born on March 10, 1853, in Naha, the capital city of Okinawa.  His father, Kanyo, worked as a
merchant sailing between the small islands of Okinawa trading everyday goods.  From a young age Kanryo Higaonna
helped his father in this work and through the hard physical labor that was involved he developed a strong body.

Kanryo Higaonna was still in his teens when his father died suddenly. Kanryo decided he wanted to study the martial arts
and he set his heart on traveling to Fuzhou, China for this purpose.  He arrived in Fuzhou in the year 1869, he was 16
years old.  Once in Fuzhou he studied the Chinese martial arts under the great Master Ryu-Ryu Ko. He soon became uchi
deshi (private disciple) and he remained in China under the severe instruction of his teacher for approximately 13 years.   
In addition to studying empty handed martial arts he also become accomplished in weapons techniques and Chinese
herbal medicine.   Master Ryu-Ryu Ko esteemed his pupil highly and sanctioned Kanryo's mastery of these arts - an
honor which is accorded extremely rarely.  Such was Kanryo's skill in the martial arts that his fame became widespread
throughout Fuzhou and the surrounding area.

Chojun Miyagi (founder of Goju-Ryu and successor to Kanryo Higaonna) said of Kanryo Higaonna,
"My Sensei possessed incredible strength; the severity of the training he underwent in China is beyond
comprehension.... Kanryo Sensei's speed and power were truly superhuman; his hands and feet moved faster than
lightening."
Words cannot express his true ability.  We can only say that his skill was incredible but even this fails to do him justice.

In the year 1881, after 13 years of diligent study with his teacher he returned to Okinawa and Naha where his martial arts
became known as Naha-te (these arts were also referred to as Toudi Chinese hand). Kanryo Higaonna taught these
martial arts to the people of Okinawa and at the same time continued his own research and practice. In order to teach the
youth of Okinawa he developed a teaching method which was specifically designed to develop the mind and body; to
improve both physical and spiritual well-being.  The first occasion on which the previously secretive art of Naha-te was
"opened" to society in general, occurred in October 1905, when Kanryo Higaonna began teaching at the high school.

When teaching, Kanryo Higaonna was an extremely hard task master. However in his everyday life he was a quiet and
humble man and one who was renowned for his virtuous character.  He was a man who had no need or desire for
worldly things.  He lead a simple life which was completely devoted to the study and practice of the martial arts.

There are many stories which relate tales of Kanryo Higaonna's life and training. The power of his legs was legendary, so
much so that he was often referred to as "Ashi no Higaonna" ("Legs Higaonna") in Okinawa. His virtuous character was
widely known and respected, and because of his popularity the people of Naha bestowed him with the name, "Obushi
Higaonna Tanrei", a name which reflected the affection and respect they had for this great man and supreme martial artist.

Kanryo Higaonna's unparalleled skill in the martial arts aside, his great and distinguished work was in bringing the
Chinese martial art forms from China to Okinawa, and there spreading these arts among the people of Okinawa.  Kanryo
Higaonna is now bestowed with the title, "Kensei (sacred fists) Higaonna Kanryo", a title that is eminently fitting.  His
name is synonymous with Okinawan martial arts and Naha-te, and his spirit is destined to live on forever as a great and
valued treasure within Okinawan culture.  Kanryo Higaonna's whole life was devoted to karate. He passed away in
December 1917 at the age of 63.



A HISTORY OF THE GOJU SYSTEMS



O’SENSEI MIYAGI CHOJUN


Chojun Miyagi was born on April 25, 1888 to an aristocratic family. They were in the import/export business, and owned
two ships which made regular trips to Mainland China, placing them among the wealthiest families in the area.

Miyagi began training in karate under Kanryo Higaonna at the age of 14, in 1902.  Like his teacher before him, because of
his great natural talent and fierce determination, he progressed very rapidly.  The training was severe beyond belief at
times, but he practiced ever harder with an enthusiasm unmatched by any of the other students.  Chojun Miyagi became
uchi deshi (private disciple) of Kanryo Higaonna.  He studied with his teacher for 14 years before his teachers death in
1917.

Chojun Miyagi, as successor to Naha-te pushed himself to the limits of endurance in his desire to emulate the
extraordinary skill of his teacher. To this end, that same year (1917) he journeyed to Fuzhou, China, the city where his
teacher had studied the martial arts, to further his research. This was one of three trips he made to China during his
lifetime.

On his return to Okinawa he began to teach the martial arts at his home in Naha.  Later, he also taught at the Okinawan
Prefecture Police Training Center, at the Okinawan Master's Training College, and at the Naha Commercial High School
(where his teacher had once taught).  Chojun Miyagi worked hard to spread karate throughout Okinawa and mainland
Japan, and to earn Naha-te a status equal to that of the highly respected Japanese martial arts of judo and kendo.  To
achieve this he traveled frequently to mainland Japan where he was invited to teach karate at Kyoto University and
Ritsumeikan University.  In 1933 karate was registered at the Butokukai, the center for all martial arts in Japan.  This was a
milestone for karate as it meant that it was recognized on a level with the highly respected martial arts of Japan.

Chojun Miyagi dedicated his whole life to karate.  He was responsible for structuring Naha-te (which he later named
"Goju-Ryu") into a systematized discipline which could be taught to society in general.  This teaching system which he
formulated enabled karate to be taught in schools for the benefit of the young, and to reach vast numbers of people
throughout the world.  However, his private teaching at his home remained strictly in adherence to the principles of his
teacher, Kanryo Higaonna, and his teacher before him, Ryu-Ryu Ko.

Chojun Miyagi died on October 8th, 1953, of either a heart attack (the most popular explanation) or a cerebral hemorrhage
at the age of 65.


The Name Goju Ryu

The naming of Goju, came about more by accident than design.  In 1930, one of Chojun Miyagi's top students, Jin'an
Shinzato, while in Tokyo attending The All-Japan Martial Arts Tournament, was asked by numerous martial arts masters
as to what school of martial arts he practiced. As Naha-te had no formal name he could not answer this question.   On his
return to Okinawa he reported this incident to Chojun Miyagi.  After much consideration, Chojun Miyagi decided on the
name Goju-Ryu (hard and soft school) as a name for his style.  This name he took from a line in the Bubishi (a classical
Chinese text on martial arts and other subjects).  This line, which appears in a poem describing the eight precepts of the
martial arts, reads "Ho Goju Donto" (the way of inhaling and exhaling is hardness and softness).

The whole poem reads as follows:

1. The mind is one with heaven and earth.
2. The circulatory rhythm of the body is similar to the cycle of the sun and the moon.
3. The way of inhaling and exhaling is hardness and softness.
4. Act in accordance with time and change.
5. Techniques will occur in the absence of conscious thought.
6. The feet must advance and retreat, separate and meet.
7. The eyes do not miss even the slightest change.
8. The ears listen well in all directions.


The Succession of Goju-Ryu

Jin'an Shinzato, an exceptional talent and the one whom Chojun Miyagi had chosen for his successor to the Goju school
in Okinawa, was tragically killed during the Second World War. Later, after the war, Chojun Miyagi chose Meitoku Yagi
Sensei to succeed him in Okinawa and Gogen Yamaguchi to succeed him in Japan under the Goju-Kai school, to pass on
Goju-Ryu to the next generation.

Gosei Yamaguchi eventually went to the U.S.A. to establish the USA Goju-Kai. Peter Urban, a student of Gogen
Yamaguchi, returned to the USA to establish the USA Gojudo System. Frank Ruiz was a student of Peter Urban, who
established Nisei Goju –Ryu.

Chojun Miyagi passed away October 8th , 1953, leaving a great legacy behind. He predicted that during the twentieth
century karate would spread throughout the world.  Today we can see that this prediction has been realized; karate is
not only practiced in Japan, but it can be found throughout the countries of the world.  Karate can no longer be referred
to as a solely Okinawan or Japanese martial art, but it has become an art with no boundaries, an art for all nations and all
peoples of the world.

When choosing to study Goju-Ryu Karate, one should remember these words written by O’SENSEI CHOJUN MIYAGI:

  • It should be known that secret principals of Goju-Ryu exist in the kata.
  • Goju-Ryu Karate-do is a manifestation within one's own self of the harmonious accord of the universe.
  • The way of Goju-Ryu Karate-do is to seek the way of virtue


JAPAN


JAPANESE GOJU-KAI

O’SENSEI YAMAGUCHI GOGEN

Gogen Yamaguchi  was born on January 20, 1909, in Kagoshima city in southern Kyushu.  Already as a youngster he
showed great interest in the Martial Arts.  During his early school days he trained kendo, (Japanese fencing) and it was
during this time that he started his karate training under the tutelage of Mr. Maruta, a carpenter from Okinawa.  Mr. Maruta
who was a Goju practitioner was drawn to the young Yamaguchi's serious attitude and his willingness to train hard.  Mr.
Maruta taught Yamaguchi all he knew about the Goju system.

During his college days as a law student, Yamaguchi established his first karate club at the Ritsumeikan University in
Kyoto.  Soon the dojo became famous in the city, known for it's hard training and fierce breathing exercise.  In those days
karate men practiced only kata (formal movements) and yakusoku kumite (prearranged sparring) and were unable to
have matches between each other since they did not hold back their techniques.  It was during this period that
Yamaguchi created the first stages towards what is known as jiyu kumite (free fighting) and established rules to decide
the winner of a match.  Some of the rules are still in use today in what is known as sport or competition karate.

In 1931, at the age of 22, Gogen Yamaguchi was introduced to the founder of the Goju style,  Master Chojun Miyagi.  This
meeting proved to have a profound affect upon Yamaguchi's outlook on karate.  Previously he had only considered the
hard aspect of Goju but after his meeting with Master Miyagi he was determined to train himself spiritually as well as
physically.  Master Miyagi thought highly of Yamaguchi who seemed to have mastered the hard aspect of Goju so well
and gave him the nickname “Gogen”, meaning “Rough”.  He then appointed Gogen Yamaguchi  as his successor of the
Goju school in Japan.

During the years to follow Gogen Yamaguchi often spent long stays at Mount Kurama where he subjected himself to
ascetic exercises and hard training with sanchin, meditation and fasting.  Between 1938-1945 he was sent to Manchuria
on government and military assignments.  
On several occasions during his stay there, he could thank his skills in karate and his mental training that he stayed alive.
Yamaguchi was taken prisoner of war by the Russians and sent to a prison camp in Mongolia.  He was kept there under
harsh conditions for two years.  Once again his strength and skill were severely put to the test.  During all these years he
still continued to train and develop Goju karate.

After his release and return to Japan, Yamaguchi became one of the most exciting figures in karate history.  He is known
throughout the world as “The Cat” because of his grace and speed in movement and because of his favorite fighting
stance the neko ashi dachi (cat stance).

Master Yamaguchi's contributions to Goju-karate and to karate in general have been enormous.  Under his leadership the
International Karate-do Goju-kai Association I.K.G.A (kai=organization) emerged.  The organization has increased in
popularity both in Japan and other Asian and western countries around the world, today there are about 35 countries
teaching Goju-kai karate.  Master Yamaguchi succeeded in uniting all the karate schools in Japan into a single union,
which resulted in the formation of the Federation of All Japan Karate-do Organization F.A.J.K.O. in 1964.  He added to the
Goju system the Taikyoku Kata forms, - training methods for the beginner students to prepare them for the more
advanced kata's.

In combining his religious practices with karate training, he incorporated both Yoga and Shinto into Goju-kai karate and
founded in his last years Goju-Shinto.  He believed that both body and mind are interrelated and through proper
breathing and concentration we would be able to understand the essence of the Martial Arts.  This is the reason why the
Goju school uses the unique breathing exercise called ibuki.  Concentrating all the muscular strength at one point,
bringing mind and body into a coherent whole.
The chairman of the Kokusai Budo Renmei - the International Martial Arts Federation in Japan, was Prince Higashikuni of
the Japanese Imperial Family and he appointed Master Yamaguchi as Shihan (master) of the organization’s karate
division.  Never before has a single man had such profound effect on the development and propagation of karate-do.
Master Gogen Yamaguchi, 10th dan, a man of intense dedication and determination can truly be called a karate legend.  A
master of Yoga and a Shinto priest, he was a man that united both aspects of go and ju into a concerted union.


The Five Secrets of Japanese Goju-Ryu by Gogen Yamaguchi

  1. Move quickly.
  2. Sound, calm mind.
  3. Be light in body.
  4. Have a clever mind.
  5. Master the basics.



UNITED STATES



O’SENSEI PETER URBAN

(Excerpt from a letter)

Grand Patriarch of all American Goju Systems
A look, at the life and the life’s work of an American Sensei;

It all started at the Margaret Hague Maternity Hospital in Jersey City NJ, on Thursday August 14, 1934 at 6:30 pm. A child
that would be named Peter was born. After spending a short amount of time in Altoona, PA, Peter was to be raised and
educated in Union City NJ. In 1952 he joined the United States Navy to be stationed in Japan, where he was to meet
Master Richard Kim, who would take him on as a student and also introduce him to his other two teachers Gogen
Yamaguchi and Masutatsu Oyama. Training with all three teachers concomitantly Urban spent 8 years in Japan during
which he was the first occidental to compete in the All Japan College KaraTe Championships. Urban was disqualified for
unnecessary roughness, when his very first opponent decided that he was going to fight Urban with full force
techniques. “The reader is asked to keep in mind that WW 2 was still fresh in everyone’s minds, and that not only his
tournament opponents, but many of his dojo mates held him personally responsible for their relatives being killed during
the war.” “Talk about a rough row to hoe.” Urban had to prove himself in more than one-way while training in Japan.

Karate was not his only love there. He also met the lovely Meiko Ito, who would become his wife and return to the US with
him.
Upon his return to the US and civilian life, Urban opened his first dojo in Union City NJ. Later to move his operation
across the Hudson River to New York City, at a popular dojo called Judo Twins, which was owned and operated by the
Lepkofker brothers of Judo fame. His dojo locations from 17th Street to Chinatown began leaving a trail that would be
followed by some of the most accomplished Karateka in American Karate history.

In 1963 Peter and Meiko Urban became the proud parents of a baby girl named Julia.
Originally promoting the names and styles of his three teachers in the US, and even bringing them to the states so that
the populous could see them for themselves. Urban would eventually wind up focusing on his duties as representative
for Gogen Yamaguchi’s Zen Nippon Goju Kai.

It was later, while returning to Japan with his wife to attend a Goju Kai TaiKai, that after asking his teacher’s permission to
form an American Goju organization, that Urban was to hear the words that would change his life and the face of
American Karate history forever.

In answer to Urban’s request, Yamaguchi supposedly quoting the Bushido, said that, “No white man can ever achieve
Nirvana.” (Authors note: Although the word Nirvana is not mentioned in Bushido, one must keep in mind that Yamaguchi
was also a master of Yoga, and a priest of the Shinto religion, so his methodology, spirituality and belief system, was a
mixture of the afore mentioned and a Meiji period education.)

Being that his teacher sited Bushido as the source of his answer, Urban rebutted by saying “But Sensei, according to
Bushido, Japan can never lose a war…”

Needless to say, this resulted in an uncomfortable situation, with an angry Yamaguchi, and a dejected Urban, who later
came back to Yamaguchi’s table with a knife, and began to perform the archaic customary ritual of apology in which one
cuts off the little finger of the left hand. Yamaguchi’s sons wrestled the knife from Urban to prevent him from doing so,
and Urban left the TaiKai one teacher short instead of one finger short.

Many do not know that the next day, Urban and his wife were visited at their hotel by Yamaguchi and his wife. Yamaguchi
explained to Urban that he had no choice but to think the way he did, because of the way he was raised and educated.
The two parted ways, not as enemies, but knowing that they could never see each other again.

(Note: The author wishes to express that there is absolutely no disrespect meant to the memory of Gogen Yamaguchi)
Upon his return to the U.S., Urban called an emergency meeting of his people, and announced that he was severing his
relationship with the Zen Nippon Goju Kai, and was founding and proclaiming himself the head of what would be called
Urban goju". Although there were some who would walk out, Urban received a thunderous standing ovation by the
overwhelming majority.
(Authors note: To accent the point of his severing the relationship, Urban was holding an axe when he addressed the
meeting.)
Urban went under the umbrella of and advanced in rank in, Richard Kim’s Butokukai for a while, later founding his own U.
S.A. Goju Association.

Over the years, many additions were made by Urban to the system. Most had to do with modern application of classical
technology, to include the use of all sorts of clandestine weaponry, which included the use of objects easily, found in
modern day America.

Of course the kumite technology, which was gleaned from Urban’s experience with Oyama, Yamaguchi and Kim, took on
a unique form of its own. With definite and obvious influence from the afore mentioned, but also with modern innovations
made by Urban such as the Iron Wall, the Shanghai Sweep, and the Screened Back Fist just to name a few.

Urban was a firm believer that “Kata is the Literacy, and Fighting is the Industry of the martial arts.” There were at one
time, as many as 56 katas in the curriculum. Over time, this was narrowed down to necessity. Three katas that were
developed by Urban that to this day are the signatures of the system are The Urban Taikyoku, The Empi Ha, and the
Urban Kururunfa. There is also the Urban Bo, which was actually made for use of the shepherd’s cane.

Although USA / Urban Goju is taught using many kata depending on the instructor, the Ten Minimum Standard is: 1.
Urban Taikyoku, 2. Tensho, 3. Gekisai “also done with sai, 4. Empi Ha, 5. Seiunchin, 6. Seisan, 7. Urban Bo, 8. Urban
Kururunfa, 9. Urban Suparenpei, 10. Han    What Urban considered the KEY STONE Kata where Taikyoku, Tensho and
Empi Ha.
As a young man of only 25 years old, Urban wrote his now famous book The Karate Dojo. It was published
internationally, when he was 31 years old. His 2nd book Karate Psychology later to be mass produced as The Karate
Sensei, was written years later in the late 70s when Urban was at the same time, running his dojo, visiting his wife Meiko
who was dying of Cancer, at Bellevue Hospital in NYC, and raising his daughter Julia by himself, all without the benefit of
insurance or a real steady income.
After his wife Meiko passed away, Urban continued to raise his daughter Julia alone, and began to teach on a more
private basis.
Urban did pioneer his system abroad in Italy, Canada and Puerto Rico as well as giving classes at dojos owned by his
students and of course the famous Super Seminars, but the previously ever available Urban, was now becoming a bit of
an enigma and less of a public figure.

He did however produce 7 more books, which were; The Book of Goju, The Karate White Belt, The Autobiography of
Peter Urban, Famous Dojo Stories, Karate Values, Chinatown Dojo, and most notably the talking book titled Dojo Two:
Where Urban Reads, The Karate Dojo on CD, updating things that have changed since his first book came out, and
correcting errors. (Author’s note: In these days of cyber technology, and much greater resources available to the general
public, there have been those who have made statements as to some of the stories in the Karate Dojo being incorrect. It
seems that these people have overlooked page 81 where there is a disclaimer with Urban writing to the effect of these
stories being only what he was told and with his 15 yrs. of limited study at the time, what he felt may very well have been.
He also claims to not argue critique of scholars more knowledgeable than he, but says he bows to their wisdom.)

Also as to the story, Urban writes about Yamaguchi fighting the tiger. I was told by Urban himself, that Yamaguchi told
him this story. However, in an interview when Yamaguchi was asked about the story, Yamaguchi said, “Peter was
exaggerating.”
For the reader’s information, my teacher (Urban) told me, that the TV show Kung Fu stole the idea of Cain holding the hot
urn with the symbols being burnt into his forearms from The Karate Dojo!

To end this abridged at best story of my teacher; I will now move away from Urban the author to Urban the man.
His final dwelling was at his new home in Massachusetts that was built, replete with dojo, by our own Iron Brigade of
Mass.
The Sensei was only there for a few days before he became ill for the final time.

Up until his final day, if you asked him how he was doing, he would say “Better than ever!”

Written by; Hanshi Steve Malanoski  








SHIHAN GOSEI YAMAGUCHI




Japanese-American Karate Instructor and author.  Founder of Goju-Kai Karate-Do, U.S.A., Norimi Gosei Yamaguchi is the
eldest son of Gogen Yamguchi.  Under his father's tutelage he studied Japanese Goju-Ryu, and earned a Judo black belt
from the Kodokan.  Yamaguchi came to the U.S. in 1964 to replace his brother, Gosen, as director of the Goju-Karate club
at San Francisco State College.  In 1967 he became one of the first martial arts instructors to serve on the faculty at an
American college.

Yamaguchi is noted for his teaching of the phisically and mentally handicapped.  In 1972 he was chosen to the Black Belt
Hall of Fame; in 1975 he became a member of Who's Who in the Martial Arts.   He is the author of two books:
Fundamentals of Goju-Ryu Karate and Goju-Ryu Karate II.

Yamaguchi promoted number of tournaments in the San Francisco area, among them 1966 California Goju-Kai Karate-Do
Championships, 1967 North-South California Karate Tournament, 1967 All Goju-Kai Karate-Do Championship, 1968 and
1970 National Goju-Kai Karate-Do Championships, and 1972 AAU National Invitational Karate-Do Championships.


NISEI GOJU RYU
A HISTORY OF EMPTY-HAND MARTIAL ARTS
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